About Palembang Indonesia, kota and capital of South Sumatra propinsi, Indonesia. It lies on both banks of the Musi River, there spanned from the Ampera Bridge, one of Indonesia’s longest bridges. Palembang is the second biggest city on the island of Sumatra. Its inhabitants is mainly Malay, with a prominent Chinese minority. Palembang served as the capital of the Buddhism Srivijaya empire from the seventh to the late twelfth century, when the empire’s center shifted to the city of Jambi to the northwest. In the thirteenth century Palembang came under the domination of the Hindu Majapahit empire, that was based on the neighbouring island of Java.
When Palembang refused authority in the late fourteenth century, the empire responded by destroying the city. Even though Palembang ravaged remained a nominal vassal of Majapahit, the city was dominated by Chinese retailers until Majapahit disintegrated around the turn of the 16th century. In the mean time, Palembang had converted to Islam, and in the mid-seventeenth the city became the seat of the sultanate. In 1617 the Dutch Eastern India Company has created a trading post from Palembang, and in 1659, following several massacres of its workers by the local inhabitants, it constructed a fort. The sultanate intermittently was under British suzerainty and was eventually abolished by the Dutch in 1823.
Palembang was occupied by Japan during World War II. In 1948 the city became the capital of the autonomous country of South Sumatra, which joined the Republic of Indonesia in 1950. In the year 2006 the Palembang sultanate was revived throughout the installation of a brand new sultan, Mahmud Badaruddin III, who served as an administrator than as a sign of the city’s social and cultural heritage. Aside from The Ampere Bridge, Palembang’s notable landmarks include the Great Mosque, the Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum, which is housed in the palace of the city’s early nineteenth century sultan, tombs of many sultans, and Sriwijaya University.
The port city is available to sea traffic on the Musi River and has a considerable trade with the ports of the Malay Peninsula and in Thailand and China, as well as other Indonesian ports. Exports comprise rubber, coffee, wood, oil products, coal, tea, spices, resin, rattan, cinchona, and pepper. There are also shipyards, iron foundries, machine shops, rubber plants, and fertilizer factories. The suburbs of Sungaigerong and Plaju, situated to the east, have big oil refineries. Palembang is connected to the surrounding region by rail and by road, and in addition it has an airport providing national flights and limited international support to Malaysia.